Joram wangai waita‘s essay are very thorough and detailed, and reading his essay is like reading an encyclopedia.
This is an essay worth reading.
In 2011, about 70 percent of the population is 30 years of age or younger. The youths(according to UN), are those between 15 and 24 years of age, constituted 21 percent of the more than 1 billion people in Africa, whereas another 42 percent was less than 15 years old(2011). Slightly more than half of the African youth population is female, and there are more rural dwellers than urban dwellers. Kenyan case in not unique to the rest of Africa, similarities exist because Kenya and Africa are a developing world.
Challenges for youths that are central to Kenya’s economic development are numerous and varied; they include employment, health and political participation. These issues
policies differ among groups within countries (by gender, education level, ethnicity and health status),
and across countries and regions. Conversely, the size, energy, enthusiasm, innovation and dynamism of youths are assets that can be harnessed for Kenya’s development with appropriate that deal adequately with the issues facing them.
In the age bracket between 1- 30 years, Kenya constitute 75% of the country’s population, forming the largest source of human resource. However, they have remained on the backbench of the country’s affairs and their status has not been accorded due recognition. They have been excluded from planning, designing and implementing programmes and policies that affect them. Many of the youths who are productive and energetic remain unemployed, continue to suffer from poor health, and lack sufficient support. Some of them have special needs that require attention. The responsibility of ensuring that the aspirations and hopes of the youths
are met lies with a multiplicity of stakeholders. Everyone in the community, both young and old, must play their role.
The National Youths Policy recognizes that the youths are a key resource that can be tapped for the benefit of the whole country. Thus, the policy emphasizes on addressing issues affecting young people by including broad-based strategies that would provide the youth meaningful opportunities to realize their potential. The policy provides a broad framework within which all stakeholders, including the private and civil society, will contribute to youth development. An implementation mechanism is inbuilt in the policy. This policy is prepared within the context of existing sect oral policies, national development plans, international policies and charters to which Kenya is a signatory; as central to the holistic integration and inclusion of the youths in Kenya’s development.
Efforts to initiate youth development programmers have been made. But, despite these efforts, as well as an increase in the number of agencies dealing with the youths, problems affecting young people have continued. This situation has been attributed to the lack of a comprehensive policy to provide a blueprint for youths. Youths organizations have come up with innovative
programmes to address the youth’s economic needs, health interventions, especially those aimed at reproductive health and alleviating the spread of HIV/AIDS among the youths, environmental programmes, character building programmes, literacy, vocational training, sports and recreational as well as social-cultural programmes.
However, the following constraints have hampered their effectiveness in achieving their objectives:
- Pressure from the high population growth: The high population growth puts pressureon available resources as the number of young people keeps on
- Lack of appropriate skills: The 8-4-4 education system and tertiary training institutions continue to release thousands of graduates, who are neither properly equipped forentry into the labor market nor possess the necessary life
- Unclear and uncoordinated youth policies and programmes: While a numberof Government
- Ministries and youth’s organizations have their own programmes and sectoral youth’s policies, lack of a national youth policy and effective co-ordination mechanisms hamper their
- Resource Constraints: Most of the youth programmes, run by both the Government and nongovernmental agencies lack adequate funds and equipment, which limits their success.
- Low status given to youths: Existing structures and prevailing attitudes do not providean enabling environment for youths participation in decision-making, planning and implementation processes.
- Nation Building: The problem of winning for the political system, loyalty and commitment of its subjects. In this sense, nation building is synonymous with National integration. National integration presumes the existence of an ethnically plural society like Kenya, in which each group is characterized by its own language or other self- conscious cultural qualities, but the problem may also exist in a political system which is made up of once distinct independent political units with which people are
Having provided the above statistics, what does it mean?
A young person in a developing country today has many more opportunities –greater contact with the rest of the world, more education, and a longer life. At the same time, in most societies youth is now prolonged. In other words, young people are taking longer on average to find employment, get married, have children, or figure out what they want to do with their lives.
In order to face our global challenges, we must understand youth demographics and who youth are and what they represent. And it is critical that youth participate – more than before -in the political, social, and economic life of nations. They are not future leaders -They must already be seen as leaders and work harder to contribute more to the world around them. Being a part of an active society can mean many things, from running a local campaign to cleaning up the community to participating in the country’s democratic structures – although it would never be advisable of them to pursue a career in the sordid realms of politics or diplomacy….
The second thing to suggest is: Grow-up immediately. Do not dawdle. As St. Paul once declared, when I was a child I enjoyed toys and games, but “now that I am older I have given up childish
things.” If the youth don’t grow up right now they will find themselves faced with a reality with which they cannot cope. They will be startled and confused and eventually frustrated and broken by the horrific realities of the modern world. Here is but one bad example: One in five girls is still not in school around the world. Even today, girls are more likely to die in childbirth than from any other cause. And another: Young people are shut out of decision-making, whether by institutions or by social norms. When we look at worldwide economic uncertainty, particularly in Europe, we see that unemployment numbers among youth are simply frightening, and depressing.
And this carries great risks in terms of foreign policy and global human rights and security. Foreign policy practitioners are now seeing the role of youth in the world as fundamental to the health of societies – for political stability, for economic opportunity, and for living together in peace. Youth must step up – and the power centers and structures must let them.
And the third piece of advice, again seemingly contradictory: They should never grow up! They must remain like little children in order to really change anything. This really gets at the heart of what makes youth in today’s world special. They are the generation of innovation, technology, and social media. They revolutionize the world with 140 characters on Twitter and through the ability to network and connect with peers from around the world in a single instant. Their ideas matter and will be the engine for change. But any ideas and ideals will be for nothing if they are just the same, drab ideas and ideals of older generations. Always, always look at the world and its problems with fresh eyes and a sense of wonder. And remember what the German philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche said: “The surest way to corrupt a youth is to instruct him to hold in higher esteem those who think alike than those who think differently.” Be flexible, be open-minded, and be willing to dare to see the world in ways never before imagined.
They are part of an interconnected world and can make connections that can, on an individual level, produce great changes. This program with its international participants and focus is an example of that. There are lots of programs and opportunities and ways to become active, to participate, and to make a difference – nationally, locally, and especially internationally.
So, in closing, I want to reiterate that what we are talking about here today is not preparing the next generation to face global challenges in the future, but it is really about the present generation taking the reins of leadership. You must simultaneously commit yourselves to three things that to a practical mind are inconsistent: Do not wait to grow up! Grow up now!
And, never grow up!
IMPORTANCE OF YOUTHS IN NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT
The Role of the Youths in Human Capital Development
The potentially important role of youths in Africa’s development cannot be overemphasized. Youths could be a source of labor inputs as well as human capital in production, which would improve total factor productivity in a region of the world where capital formation is limited. When employed, youths could be a reliable source of demand for the economy through their consumption activities. In addition, the youths of Africa could be critical for the development of a new class of entrepreneurs that African countries need to prosper. Furthermore, Africa has an opportunity to harness a “demographic dividend”:
The Role of Youths in Peace Building
Youths occupy a prominent place in any society. Apart from being the owners and leaders of tomorrow, they outnumber the middle-aged and the aged. Besides numerical superiority, youths have energy and ideas that are society’s great potentials.
The Role of Youths in Community Based and Faith Based Organizations
In most rural areas in Kenya, various types of community based organizations exist. But the thriving organizations now are the ones formed by youths. But the essence of the formation of the Youths community based organization is to supplement government efforts in community development projects. These organizations are the closest to the people at the grassroots level, because the organizations are formed by the members of the community themselves.
Youths and Self-Help Projects in Nigeria
In an effort to accelerate rural development through youths participation cannot be over emphasized as youths are deeply involved in self-help projects in various local governments in Kenya especially projects that involve Commerce, Trade, Home Economics, Small and Medium Term Enterprises and Agriculture. These self-help projects can be classified into two:
Non-Government Aided Projects (NGAP) and Government Aided Projects (GAP). Government aid projects are those executed with the assistance of the government in either finance or material resources while non-government aid projects are those executed solely with collective effort of community members.
Youths and Political Development
While discussing the role of youths in contemporary political participation and development, there are certain underpinning assumptions. Firstly, we are assuming a political
system that is endowed with a significant proportion of its youthful population who are highly informed and consencientized.
Secondly, we are also assuming an organized youth with clearly defined objectives and a variety of legitimate methods to make input in the political process. Thirdly, we are assuming a political system with sufficient public space that allows for unfettered citizens’ participation and robust engagement in the governance process.
Issues Impinging on the Youths on National Development
- Unemployment andunderemployment
- Health relatedproblems
- Increasing school and college drop-outrates
- Crime and deviantbehavior
- Limited sports and recreationfacilities
- Abuse andexploitation
- Limited participation and lack of opportunities
- Limited and poorhousing
- Limited access to information and communication technology(ICT)
- The UN, The Role of Youth in the Modern
- Department of Public Administration and Local Government Studies University of Nigeria, Nsukka) .Role of the Youths in National-Building by Bar. (Mrs.) Adeline
A Eme, Okechukwu Innocent
- Kenya Ministry of State and Youths Affairs. (2007), Strategic Plan. Nairobi: Government of
- Ashford, Lori, S. (2007), Africa’s Youthful Population: Risk or Opportunity? Washington.
KIGEN ISAYAH KIPKORIR
Education and qualifications
2017-present Kenya Methodist University
Degree in Business Information Technology
2012-2015 Kenya Methodist University
Diploma in Business Information Technology
2016- Kenya Institute of Information Technology Certificate in Web Development
2013- Digital Opportunity Trust
Certificate in Entrepreneurship, ICT and Life skills
2012- Mathenge Technical Training Institute Certificate in Computer Packages
2008-2011 Kaheti High school KCSE
2000-2007 S. t Thomas catholic academy KCPE
2015 – Worked as an attaché at Nyeri county trade office
Worked as a community aids educator in our church
Music, new technologies, wildlife, history and English
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