This article is concerned with addressing the root causes of direct violence as well as exploring ways of transforming structural inequalities and promoting positive social relations, this takes me to reference an article written by pius adesanmi of Sahara reporters who clearly captivated me with his words termed A Luta continua. It states forth: Student, advanced, retreated, advanced, retreated, screaming, chanting, and rallying.
In all the chaos, the protesting students (Nigerian authorities always demean their struggles by calling them rioting or rampaging students) had one rally call A Luta continua! A Luta continua! A Luta! A Luta! And the response continua!! was resounding, well the school was eventually shut down and he was forced to go stay with his uncle Baba Adesanmi for two weeks, one morning he was chanting the words A Luta continua and his uncle heard this and smiled called him to his study and brought out an old dusty book from his shelf on it was written the inscription Mozambique: sowing the seeds of revolution, authored by a man called Samora Machel at this point the named was familiar and he recalled he was the president of Mozambique who had died in a plane crash in 1986 but little did he know that he was one of Africas greatest sons, one of Africas greatest freedom fighters, one of Africas greatest thinkers he was in the same category of the likes of Thomas sankara, Fidel Castro, Dr Ernesto cheguevera, Patrice emery Lumumba. Samora Machel and his Frelimo were known widely in Africa for these words.
When in political rally and he has worked the crowds to frenzy with the A Luta continua call and response, he would suddenly stop and say:
Against what? In other words Samora Machel was not just interested in empty Sloganeering. He would ask against what precisely the struggle must continue. Samora Machel, the great educator, knew that because he was leading Mozambique and by extension Africa, against a particular form of oppression, it was easy for people to understand Praxis as an exclusive struggle against Imperialism, Colonialism, and Neo-Colonialism.
As important as the struggle against Colonialism and Imperialism was, Machel understood that it had to go in the Tandem with and be underwritten by other Internal Struggles and Dynamics without which the broader Struggle was doomed. Against what must the struggle continue?
Samora Machel would answer his own question to the admiration of his audience
If Samora Machel and other freedom fighters understood that tribalism, religious bigotry, and superstition were enemies of progress, enemies of the national project, enemies of the liberation in the struggle, they also understood perfectly that these things were fed by Ignorance and illiteracy. That is why they invested so much in mass education and instruction, public pedagogy and the reduction of ignorance. On the personal level, many of them understood that there was no alternative to a lifetime investment in Erudition.
Samora Machel would galvanize an audience in four languages, Portuguese, Swahili and two Mozambican languages and for this he loved education. Well Samora Machel may be long gone but his phrase need I say, as been widely used by Nigerian Students and activists during protests, riots and other actions to demand for the rights of Nigerian students. A Luta is the motto of all Nigerian students union across all academic institutions of higher education. Famously quoted in full as A Luta continua; a Vitoria e certa, meaning The struggle continues; victory is certain. There was also an increased usage noted during the 2016 south African Fees Must Fall protests, posters bearing his words can still be found on the walls of Maputo the Mozambican capital. Samora Moises Machel legacy lives on.
Pius Adesanmi and his A Luta comrades came back a few months later paid for damages they may or may not have incurred, making the VC and other affected lecturers rich, brand new cars, clothes restored and the issue for which they marched in the first instance not reverted.
A Luta Continua!!!